Practiced before Christ, the farming of fish is an activity zootechnical of the oldest. In Brazil, the commercial practice of fish farming has been developing since the beginning of the century XX.
You must have already heard of the fish and pay, and thanks to this practice, fish farming was quite widespread in the country.
In addition, the sport fishing, fish consumption is increasing every day. The population that want to maintain a healthy diet and economical, choose to buy fish. When the creation is done in the sea is called Mariculture.
Fish farming in Brazil
According to AndrewFishing.com, it is an economic activity quite profitable, with good turnover of capital. And relatively simple. Obviously to start in fish farming is necessary to pass through a preparation, after all, fish farming is intensive, that developed in the tanks, or lakes, must be practiced with strict zootechnical standards.
What must be observed to obtain success in the creation:
– Choice of location of creation thinking in the fish there will be created,
– Construction of adequate facilities, such as tanks,
– Choice of feed suitable for fish,
– Maintenance of hygiene and disease control,
– Capture and treatment of water,
– Suitable conditions for preparation and transportation of production,
– The choice of efficient channels of marketing.
Types of fish farming
There are also several kinds of fish, all of which have some differences between them, as you can see below:
– Extensive: practiced in places not prepared, the productivity is low.
– Semi-intensive: creating ponds and dams that are changed to increase productivity.
– Intensive: the nurseries are designed to achieve maximum productivity, the rations are balanced.
– Superintensiva: similar to intensive, fish are confined to net pens, which ensure a very high productivity. This modality is very economical.
Fish farming is an excellent alternative to commercial fishing because it does not cause large environmental impacts, in controlled environments there is any impact on the environment.
This is why it is more fair to the environment that the indiscriminate slaughter of species.
Thinking about the environmental and social issues, after all, all the market needs to be attractive and sustainable, also economically speaking-if both in good management practices.
Assessments of environmental impacts are important, and all of the tools of environmental management, such as prevention.
The fish farming business
In the past the ration of the fish was measured manually, practically in the olhômetro, but currently the volume of feed is calculated according to the size of the tank and is distributed by machines.
The machinery suitable for this function allows a saving of about 4% of the ration in relation to the manual work.
May appear little, but the cost to the farming of fish is the most in the feed, this corresponds to a considerable increase of profit.
The creation is made in tanks and measured in hectares. To collect the fish from a tank of a hectare and a half, the job takes about 3h.
The fish are taken with the aid of the pescaleitor, which is a worm screw that rotates with the water internally and it doesn’t hurt the fish.
The management done with machinery allows reducing the loss of fish in the withdrawal of the tanks. In addition, in the transport, the fish is stored in ice to maintain the temperature close to 7°C, this keeps the quality of the meat.
A fish out of the ice is with the flesh reddish, being that the fish is stored has a flesh transparent.
And then. it was a little bit more savvy about what is fish farming, which is the reality in Brazil, and fish farming?
Answer to the last question in the comments along with any questions or suggestions that you have been after you read this article.