Fashion Glossary Part I

A

FLAP: Edge of the hat or the drop-down part of the clothes.

BUTTONING: it IS a preacher that holds the cuff of the shirts. Usually, one of the ends has a pendant rounded, oval or rectangular, while the other has a latch behind.

UNDER: Set pants and shirt with long sleeves, usually made out of sweatpants or nylon. It is also known as training, jogging and sweatshirt. Despite having been created for the practice of sports, the shelter was adopted as a type of casual clothing.

Fashion Glossary Part I 1 Fashion Glossary Part I 2 Fashion Glossary Part I 3 Fashion Glossary Part I 4 Fashion Glossary Part I 5

FINISH: Number of cases by passing a fabric or product to get a better look and tactile feel.

ACCESSORY: Element used as a complement to clothing, such as handbags, belts, jewelry, etc.

SWEATER: Refers to a windbreaker, jacket or some other piece that protects from the cold.

TAILORING: Workshop in which are made the parts commonly used in social situations for men. The suit originated from the word master piece, the Arabic, which means “movable”, such as furniture, dishes and clothing. Currently this term is also used to designate a style, where the construction of the clothes are structured.

COTTON: the Fiber of a natural origin vegetable. Perhaps it is the fiber most used in the world. Its quality depends on the fineness, purity, brightness, and color. It is easily washable, fresh, flexible, and does not accumulate static.

EGYPTIAN COTTON: the cotton fiber noblest in the world. Its characteristic is the fiber long and thin which gives a product with greater durability and superior touch. It can only be found on the banks of the River Nile in Egypt, where the climate and soil fertilization are unique in the world.

COTTON PIMA COTTON: cotton Fibre with silky touch and low production of pilling (little balls). This cotton can be found in Peru, where the harvest is manual, and its superior quality, and in the United States, where the harvest is mechanical, and its quality is lower than that of the cotton of Peru.

ESPADRILLES (espadrille): Shoes type sneaker, made in denim or canvas, with soles of rope or rubber that can be stuck to the foot by means of straps of leather, rope or cloth. Had its origin among the workers of the docks in France (espadrille) and in Spain (espadrilles). Was fashion in the 1980s. The alpargatas can be used by both men and women. It could also serve as a replacement of the boot in the traditional costume of the gauchos.

Haute COUTURE: In practice, the term is often used to characterize women’s clothing sophisticated and original. If followed to the letter, is an expression that is protected legally by the Chamber of trade Union of French haute Couture, and was created to determine the type of clothing made by companies that parisians that fulfill a series of prerequisites related to the type of company and the manufacture of the products.

ANABELA: Footwear with heels of one piece of the half of the sole to the heel. At the front of the shoe is lower than its previous part.

ANIMAL PRINT: a Print of animals, such as leather, python, leopard, zebra and jaguar.

ANKLE BOOT: Boots as well short or without cano. In free translation the English, the term means “boots ankle”.

ANORAQUE: Jacket with hood, that usually has an opening zippered on the front, pockets to the utilities, and fit on the waist or on the hips.

TRAWLER: a Half-pair of pants that looks like a fishing net, made of mesh and with ligaments as well open.

ART DECO: that Emerged between 1909 and 1939, the aesthetic is inspired by ancient cultures as the egyptian and the chinese, and that he presented the motives and geometrical forms allied to the industrial, to the cosmopolitan and the exotic. Art Deco was adopted not only in fashion but also in architecture, in the decorative arts, in photography and in cinema.

ASYMMETRY: Lack of symmetry. The lack of harmony.

B

FRILL: Piece of fabric puckering that is stitched to the pieces of clothing to adorn them. He may or may not be of the same fabric and color of the piece in which it is applied.

BABY LOOK: ladies t-Shirts in the height of the waist and adjusted to the body.

BABY-DOLL: nightwear composed of two pieces, such as shorts and blouse, blouse and panties or dress and panties, made of lightweight fabrics and often embellished with ribbons, embroideries and laces.

HEM: Fold the bar of the fabric of a pants, skirt, dress or jacket.

BALONÊ: Skirt or blouse that has the bar turn and nailed on the inside, forming a design like that of a balloon.

HEADBAND: Piece of fabric to a square, medium size that can be used in the head, loaded in the pockets of jackets or trousers or tied at the neck.

BAR ITALIAN Bar with the fold facing the outside of the pants.

The BASICS: Style of dress. It also represents the language of the fabrics and classic pieces in a collection of products.

BEAT: Blouse short or long that is loose fitting in the body. When you have the cut straight is also called a tunic, but the beat is usually shorter.

BIRKENSTOCK: THE typical Sandal of ecology, developed in the 60s by Karl Birkenstock. The sandal has a sole that is similar with the curves of the base of the foot, is made of cork and latex.

BLAZER: Jacket male or female made of fabric noble, with buttons on the front.

BLOUSE with KANGAROO: a Blouse with a hood.

BLUSÊ: the word comes from THE French “blouse”. A blouse molinha, with some left over fabric close to the waist which is furrowed with a knot or sewing, and is still in the top of the hips.

MOUTH BELL-bottoms: Pants with the mouth very wide, which close to the bar has several inches width more than at the beginning of the thighs.

BODY: Kind of swimsuit. It is a piece that is fair to the body and made with elastane yarn.

BOHO: is Derived from the English word bohemian, or bohemian in Portuguese. Reflects a style unconventional, bohemian. And the bohemian symbolizes a life joyful and carefree, with little or no work. Also includes references to the roma.

BERET: a Kind of cap, seamless or visor, usually made of wool, crochet, or knitting.

BOLERO: Jacket female short (maximum up to the height of the bust) used open.

PURSE BAGUETTE: female Model rectangular with a short strap (to be carried under the arm) and closed by a buckle large, usually with a logo emblazoned.

POCKET KNIFE: Pocket cut on the diagonal.

BOMBER JACKET: Like the jacket perfecto, is a piece made of leather or other fabrics, wide, usually with elasticated wrists and hem, the sleeves wide and closed with front zipper. Were adapted from the jackets used by the pilots of the Royal Air Force in britain.

BOXER-SHORTS: the Model of short as those used by boxers, with small side slits and waistband with elastic.

BOYFIT: Modeling wide that suggests a piece of “stolen” of the male wardrobe. The pants were the first to win the title, followed by the dinner jackets and blazers of larger proportions, as popularized by the stylist English Stella McCartney.

BRAGUILHA: vertical Opening in the front of the shorts, shorts or pants men’s or women’s, closed by zipper or button.

JEANS: durable Fabric of linen or cotton.

C

CACHARREL: Blouse mesh, cold collar rulê.

The CACHE-COEUR (read “cachequér”): Blouse, women cross in front and tied at the waist or bust. In free translation from the French, means “hide the heart”.

SCARF Type: scarf made of wool, silk, or other fabric, either plain or with prints, which are rolled up to the neck.

CAFTAN: Tunic larguinha which can be used as dress or blouse.

SHOES BOYISH: Also called “jeans of the boyfriend”, for being straight and baggy.

CAPRI PANTS: Model shoes women length at the ankles.

PANTS CARGO: inspired by the military, she has modeling wide and multiple pockets, large or small. What usually characterizes it are the pockets on the sides, in the height of the knees.

PANTS PRIVATEER: adjusted the legs and has a length shorter than the capri, between the knees and the ankles

PANTS FLARE: the Flare, in English, means “spread”. The pants flare “spreads”, extends, at the end of the leg. Is the pants bell mouth or paw of an elephant.

PANTS FUSEAU: Pants women’s the mesh that is glued to the body and has a pedal that goes under the arch of the foot.

PANTS JODHPURS: Model of indian origin, as well loose, pleated on the hips and adjusted in the legs.

PANTS PANTACOURT: Pants pantacourt is pantalona short.

The PANTS PANTALONA: Piece adjusted in the waist and hips, but straight and wide in the legs, with length that reaches the floor.

Pair of SKINNY Jeans that takes elastane in the composition of modeling adjusted in the waist, hips and legs.

CAMBRAIA: lightweight Fabric and thin cotton or linen, used in the making of underclothing, scarves, baby clothes, ladies blouses and shirts social male.

SHIRT: the Shirt (in Brazil) or jersey (in the Uk) is a piece of clothing of the clothing, human, male, female, child or baby. There are several types of shirt and must be adapted to the culture, climate, and statistics preferences suggested by the fashion.

YOKE: Piece of fabric large and rectangular, that the use of tied up, usually on top of the costume of the beach.

CANUTILHO: Small dispensing of tubular design that is very used in jewellery, and application in clothing

CANVAS: Fabric is very resistant, made from linen, cotton or synthetic fiber.

The COVER: Kind of jacket without sleeves or with the opening for the arms, which can be short or long. Very popular in the 60’s. Also done in fabrics are bright for the night, composing outfits for parties.

HOOD: Part of a cover, a jacket or blouse that covers the head.

CARDIGAN: his military Coat knitted with combed wool, with debrun skin or gallons, of English origin. Initially used by the british army in the Crimean War, and received the name in honor of the Earl of Cardigan, James Thomas Brudenell. It was adapted for the sportwear in the 20th century, without the collar. Became popular among tricoteiras being produced with breasted and central V-neckline and long sleeves. In the decades of 20 and 30, Chanel has incorporated a set of two parts, with cardigan, sweater and skirt.

JACKET: Ask female or male long sleeves, closed by zipper or buttons.

CASHMERE (read “caximir”): Wool, fine and soft. The term is also used to name patterns applied in the tissues that are obtained from this wool.

CASHMERE: Fabric of thick wool.

HOUSE OF BEE, HOUSE BEE, OR the NEST OF the BEE: Fabric in which the interweaving of the warp yarns and the weft create in the form of a beehive.

CASUAL WEAR: The English casual (informal) and wear (use). Style clothing simple, comfortable, used to stay at home or go places informal. Jeans, knitwear, jackets, etc.

HORSE: Part of the pants or shorts below the waist, in which the two legs of the piece.

SATIN: Fabric that represents a smooth surface, satiny, glossy and the other dull. This fabric usually has a high density of warp.

CHAMBRAY: a Blend of cotton cord white and indigo. The classic version is the blue.

CHAMOIS (read “chamoá”): Leather thin and soft.

CHEMISIER: Dress straight which is like a shirt male long, closed in front by buttons.

CHIFFON: lightweight Fabric, and wrinkled, usually manufactured from silk.

CIGARRETE: Has modeling adjusted to the body, bar the tapered and length little above the ankles.

CLUTCH: a small Purse or wallet in hand.

COLLECTION: Set of pacas that a stylist, a designer proposes for the concepts and specific characteristics.

VEST: Piece, sleeveless, with an opening in the front and that is normally used on top of tank-tops, t-shirts or shirts. Tailoring, the piece is one of the parts that make up the suit.

BODICE: a female Piece that fits in the chest and to the waist, and may or may not have securing with tape.

CORSELET (read “corselê”): Synonym of bodice or corselete.

CORSET (read “corsê”): a French Word, in Portuguese, means corset. It is a piece of intimate, that is composed of tightly woven fabric, to fine-tune the waist.

COTTON: the English Term which means cotton.

COTURNO: heavy Footwear that covers the feet and ankles, and is closed by drawstrings.

CREPE: lightweight Fabric of silk or wool a fine rough texture. There are several types of the crepe (as in crepe georgette or crepe of China), which receive different names according to variation of weight and quality.

CROCHET: Braided made with a special needle that has a hook at the tip.

D

CANOE NECKLINE: crew Neck is cut from one shoulder to the other, which leaves the scapulae out. Coco Chanel cut men’s t-shirts in horizontal stripes to make the canoe neckline, and then entered the fashion. It is also called a bateau (boat in French).

NECK HEART: feminine Neckline, usually a little deeper than the canoe, cut short as the curves in the top part of a heart.

NECKLINE EMPIRE: IS stuck just below the bust and loose below.

NECKLINE SWIMMER: On the front there are two handles, and behind them come together. In the back, reminiscent of the back of a bathing suit for swimming.

NECKLINE PRINCESS: Blouse or dress set with cutout rounded and romantic at the bust, with vertical seams.

GRADIENT: Effect that decreases the intensity of a color to a few in the same piece. It is common in lenses of glasses.

DÉLAVÉ: the Process of washing estonada with the application of whitening and bleaching, leaving the fabric with a visual soft that the simple estonado.

DESTROYED: the Process of washing like estonagem, but use products that corrode the fiber slightly, leaving a look through the “destroyed” thus justifying the name destroyed that in English means destroyed.

DENIM: cotton Twill crafted with yarn-dyed blue color as well strong (indigo) and yarns in natural color, white.

DOCKSIDE: Shoes low male created in 1980 by Sebago, in the United States, as an option, differentiated for the footwear nautical (boat shoes). The model was very widespread, and is now made by several brands, including female versions. The vast majority is pespontada in leather, have laces wrap around the foot, and closing with a tie.

DRAPED: the Effect produced by the folds and pleats of a fabric.

DRY FIT: a Concept used to define the fabric made of polyester or polyamide with or without elastane, or that, due to its structure and its titulagem wire, provide a level of comfort conducive to the sport that require high capacity of perspiration. A product with the concept DRY FIT fabric gives the fabric the ability to take moisture from the body and transports it to the outside of the fabric. In Portuguese the meaning of trim dry, thus justifying its own benefit.

E

SCARF: the Scarf long and narrow, and worn on the neck.

ECOLOGICAL: Style powered by a new ethical dimension of day-to-day. Recycled, biodegradable, reusable, are concepts related to this style.

ELASTANE, SPANDEX: artificial Fibre from the polyurethanes, more known commercially as lycra. Fiber chemistry of greater elasticity, capable of stretching and returning to its initial state without damage. Currently used in mixture with other fibers such as cotton, polyester, providing comfort, elasticity.

TRICKS-MOM: Type of bathing suit that is of one piece in the front, but has the cut-out side and back to back, looks like a bikini.

ENVELOPE: See “saia envelope”

ESCARPIM (read “escarpã): the Shoe women’s high heels, pointed toes and a little trough in the height of the fingers.

CORSET: a Synonym for corset.

HERRINGBONE: this IS the name given to one of the types of weaving in a twill, in which the plot works in such a way that imitates the spine of a fish.

STYLE: personal Manifestations, individual or group, exteriorized through the mode of dress or express themselves. The following characteristics or influenced by a season.

STOLE: Clothing, rectangular, usually used in back of the shoulders and crossed on the chest. The stole is joined in the fashion in the 50’s, usually used in the evenings on long dresses. Today is a classic closet, which can be coordinated also with looks more sleek as the material of manufacture. Fabric rectangular that acts as a shawl.

LABEL: THE word etiquette came from the French etiquette, which was, as today, a small piece of paper written that was affixed to a bag or a package to identify its contents. Your use of the primitive was in the bags of money in large bundles of papers, in bales and in the backpacks of clothes. With the development of the textile industry, from the NINETEENTH century, was included also in each piece of clothing, in order to identify its manufacturer.

PEOPLE: Style on the cultural aspects of a particular place, such as India or Africa.

EVASÊ: That has the shape of an “a” wider at the bottom. The skirts evasê are fair in the waist and wider at the end. Cut of clothing that widens subtly towards the bottom.

F

FASHION: English Word which means fashion.

FASHIONISTA: person Who cares for fashion and follows the trends.

SLOT: the Openings of the clothes.

FIBER PACKED: the industrial Process that leaves the wire with more regularity and without harshness.

SHORT FIBER: the Fibers that are on the smaller scale of the diagram length of the fiber,

LONG FIBER: Fibers that are found in the larger scale of the diagram length of the fiber.

ARTIFICIAL TEXTILE FIBRES: they Are provided by nature, and should pass by artifice that give them characteristics of textile fibres. Ex. wood or bamboo, both of which can give rise to the viscose.

TEXTILE FIBRES, NATURAL: Are those provided almost ready-made by nature and simply clean them of impurities: Ex. wool, cotton.

TEXTILE FIBRES SYNTHETIC: they Are those whose macromolecules are obtained through chemical reactions. Ex. oil can reach to the polyester fiber.

FIL FIL: Fabric tie-plain weave where the warp and/or weft are arranged alternately with wire white and the other colored.

WIRELESS: generic Name of the set of fibers joined together by twisting. The wires may be short fibers, long or continuous filaments.

YARN 80/2: there Are two cables twisted interlaced-fiber cotton, long and thin.

FLAT: Shoes without heels, such as creeping and sneakers.

FLUO: THE word comes from fluorescent, trendy is an adjective used to characterize luminous colors and strong, such as lime green, yellow, pink, green, purple and orange.

FOLK: with respect to folklore and tradition. In fashion, it means a mix of tissues more rustic, fringes and hand-embroidered items that refer to various ethnic groups.

LINING: Fabric that is under another more thin or transparent in a skirt, blouse or dress to not show the body.

FRONT ONLY: it is Also called halter neckline (front-only in English). The model that has the front attached to the neck, leaving the back bare, in blouses and dresses. In the decade of 30 was used in evening wear and swimwear. Blouse or top part of a dress where the shoulder straps meet behind the neck, leaving the outside backs.

Gossip (fuxico): Piece of fabric cut in the shape of a circle and shirring at hand.

G

GABARDINE: Fabric with weft diagonal that is made of wool or cotton and some other wire waterproof, so it is widely used in clothes or cloaks against the rain.

GALOCHA: Type boot waterproof made of rubber or PVC that has been manufactured with prints and strong colors to be used by adults and children.

GALLON: Tape not too wide, with which to decorate the folds, the edges of pieces of clothing.

GET THE LOOK: THE term comes from English and, in translation, the idea is to “get the look” or “copy the look”.

FLARED: Piece of triangular fabric, wider at the bottom, sewn to a skirt, dress or jacket to increase the wheel. The godês are being used on the stitching since the last century.

NECK: Part of a blouse or dress that surrounds the neck.

COLLAR, ITALIAN Collar collar wider, to be used with ties that are thicker and we are more bulky, since the neck is smaller and shorter.

COLLAR SAILOR Collar long-folded in the back and drooping in the back. In the front part is closed in V.

Turtlenecks/RULÊ/CACHAREL: high Collar and just knit or knit, very used in the 60’s. Created by French designer Jean Cacharel, and then was known for collar Cacharel.

GROSGRAIN: Fabric bond of silk or wool that form small gaps in the plot.

H

HAUTE COUTURE: THE term, in French, refers to the female parts unique, hand-made by the best professionals, under the measure, with the most noble fabrics and only in the city of Paris, France. Literally, means high fashion. And there is not a high-fashion out of the French capital. In the United States, for example, is used the expression high fashion and, in Italy, high fashion. In 1910, was created by the chambre syndicale de la Haute couture, a union body that regulates, defends, and defines who are the designers that really do high-fashion. Today, however, the expression became popular and is often used to refer to something of very high quality, but not necessarily haute couture.

HELANCA: Mark a wire wrinkled and elastic. In the 1960s it was often used in swimsuits and hair bands.

HI-LO (read “rái-lou”): the Jargon of fashion to set the style of someone or some production that combines expensive pieces and cheap. The word is an abbreviation of the terms high (which means high in English) and low (low), which are combined to give the idea of a mix of clothes and accessories expensive and cheap.

HOT PANTS: English Expression used in the 1970s to characterize ladies shorts that usually were worn with boots and long overcoats. In Brazil, the term is used as a synonym of short.

HYPE (read “ráipe”): The term in English means “to promote advertising using exaggerated” and “to create interest by means of methods extravagant or dramatic”. In fashion, hype is what, in Portuguese, is giving the talk. Is the subject of the moment. Adjective for something that is doing such great success at a given moment.