Fashion Glossary Part II

I

EYELETS: the Word used to designate both the hole for where it is passed a cord about the metal piece that passes through it.

INDIGO: the Pigment blue used to dye the jeans, which is the fabric that makes the jeans.

CLOTHING, including the CLASSIC GREEK AND ROMAN: most of THE parts used in clothing, including classic Greek and roman were made of fabric material, the result of processes that required intensive labor. the fabrics were highly valued and considered precious to be wasted with cuts and modeling. The fabrics were folded, rolled up and fastened with clips or ruffles on the body. So many greeks and romans had a profusion of pleats and folds.

Fashion Glossary Part II 1 Fashion Glossary Part II 2 Fashion Glossary Part II 3 Fashion Glossary Part II 4 Fashion Glossary Part II 5

J

JACQUARD: Fabric or knitting with colorful designs or geometric, that stand out on a background of another color.

REEFER: Jacket large and wide, made of felt or wool, inspired by the coat of sailors and fishermen the French of the 19th century.

JACKET PERFECTO: Piece made of leather or other fabrics, wide, usually with elasticated wrists and hem, the sleeves wide and closed with front zipper.

DUNGAREES: Pants, shorts or skirt that has a piece of the same fabric, square, stitched at the waist, with straps that meet in back. It is used on any t-shirt.

JEANS: jeans dyed with “indigo blue”.

JEANS WEAR: a Line of clothing that emerged in the mid-50s, reflecting the north american culture. Are used the jeans and the indigo blue.

JEGGING: Mix of legging pants with jeans. The pant is just like leggings, with the features of pants jeans: waistband, double stitching pespontada, bar and/or pocket knife.

JERSEY: mesh Fabric very thin and soft.

K

KILT: a Piece of tradition in scottish waters. Is a skirt of about seven meters, a pleated and is topped by buckles or pins.

KNICKERBOCKERS: English Word that refers to a shorts baggy, shirring below the knee and fastened with a button or buckle. Used by men since the 18th century, became an integral part of the female costumes for sports in the 60’s and early 70’s, when he returned to the fashion promoted by Yves Saint-Laurent. Are referred to as just knickers.

L

WOOL: a combination of natural fibers of animal origin.

LADYLIKE: Visual air-vintage and superfeminino. Have the waistline marked, ties, ruffles and floral prints, since that delicate. Hoop skirts, evasê and pencil with a belt in thin are the face of this style.

LAISE: lightweight Fabric with small holes and embroidery that form delicate designs.

PIN: a Part of the fabric of the neckline of a blouse, jacket or dress that is folded in on itself.

LBD: THE acronym comes from the English little black dress. In Portuguese, it is the classic and basic little black dress.

LEGGINGS: tight Pants mesh. Since the Middle Ages, the leggings are used as a protection against the cold, being used by children and young people since the 19th century. Up to the 60s, were associated with the practice of sport. Have been adopted by several movements of fashion, such as futurism, but it was the same in the decade of 80, with the spread of the sporty look on the streets, that the leggings have emerged as a fashion piece. Pants women’s the mesh that is glued to the body, without pedal, with length up to the ankles.

LINGERIE: This term began to be used for the underwear, especially the set of bra and panties. The term comes from the French linge, which means washable. The first pieces of porcelain tiles dating back to the 2000 A. C, by the women of Crete. Already the concept of lingerie, came at the end of the NINETEENTH century, when the pioneer Lady Duff Gordon has developed underwear less rigid as the corselets used at the time. The first bra was patented by Mary Phelps Jacob, in the XX. In the decades of 50 and 60, the lingerie became glamorous, as the nylonestava high, panties, bras, socks, all lightweight and easy to wash. The advertising and Hollywood movies helped in sensuality.

LINE A: the Word that characterizes an outfit with narrow shoulders, waist little low and skirt. Also it gives its name to the skirts and dresses that are more open from the waist.

LINEN: the Name given to any fabric made from fibre extracted from the plant of the same name. Strong and smooth surface, linen varies weight and texture.

LOAFER: English Word that refers to the moccasin. The loafers are more structured, usually with cutouts and a tassel in the front. The weejum is a type of loafer.

LOOK: The English, look, it’s the style, the result of the sum of clothing, accessories, attitude, that perceives at a single glance. Means visual, behavior, appearance of a person, due to her manner of dress.

LOOKBOOK: the Material produced by the brand in order to disclose the parts of the collection for the particular season. These images tend to have a neutral background and little light effect, it is necessary to be visible to the type of material, color, detail, among others.

LONGUETE: Dress with length just below the knees.

LUREX: aluminum Wire coated plastic with metal look and lots of sparkle.

LYCRA: a brand Name of spandex was developed by DuPont.

M

OVERALLS: a Piece wide and solid, that covers the body, legs and arms.

Mother-of-pearl: a raw Material found in the inner part of the shells that is applied on accessories.

MAGENTA: magenta is a color-pigment and primary color-secondary light, the result of mixing light blue and red. Its complementary color is green. Unlike the other colors, this color is not on a single track of waves in the spectrum; the light magenta has waves of both red and blue in the same amount.

SLEEVE BUFANTE: Part of a blouse that covers your arms and is furrowed on the two ends of the sleeve.

JAPANESE MANGA: it IS an extension well short of the sleeve of the blouse or the dress.

SLEEVE BAT: it’s an extension of the fabric between the arms and the body, forming something like the wings of a bat.

THREE-quarter SLEEVE: Has the length between the wrist and the elbow.

MANTÔ: a generic Term for any type of winter jacket worn by men and women on top of the clothes.

MAQUINETADO: Frames various, elaborate make up designs, textures, and geometric figures, and that repeat throughout the fabric. In English dobby.

MATELASSE: quilted Effect obtained by means of the sewing vertical and horizontal lines that form squares (sometimes with padding) on the surface of the fabric.

MARSALA: this is a tone from the color chart Pantone elected as color of the year. The name came from an Italian wine and the color is a revival of the “burgundy” of other seasons. Marsala goes for a cartouche half wine, half brown, half red, and is a bet is good enough this season.

MAXIBOLSA: Adjective that characterizes handbags casual of very large size.

MAXIPULL: A pull longer, until the height of the thighs.

HALF-PATA: Shoe with heel back and a sole thick at the front.

MERCERIZED: finishing Process in which the fabric is treated with caustic soda and tension, in order to obtain a silky finish, with more shine and that increases the resistance of the tissue.

MICROFIBER: THE term microfiber is granted to the synthetic yarns are formed by yarns with extremely fine. These filaments can be 60 or 70 times thinner than a strand of hair. The fabrics such as microfiber, have as characteristics, the silky touch, dress very well, high-resistance, low overfeeding, they are light, soft and allow the sweat to evaporate (radiate). May be polyester, polyamide, acrylic or viscose. The main feature is to not knead.

MIDI: the Length in which the bar of skirts or dresses is below the knee, in the height of the shin.

MILITARY: Inspired by the uniforms of the armies, the style hit the streets at the end of the decade of 30 and 40 years. Due to the restrictions of the war and the need of convenience and comfort to face a new front of work in the factories, women began to adopt clothing that sent it to uniforms. In the 60’s, the style returns with force, now also reflected in the surplus of armies. The military and its shades are references to the eternal for the fashion designers.

MILTIFILAMENTO: Term applied to the synthetic fibers that have many filaments fine. For example, a yarn of 150 denier with 40 filaments is considered to be a wire normal, but a yarn of 150 denier 90 filaments is considered to be a wire braided.

MINIMALIST: the simple, the basic, that I’m looking at a minimum, become the maximum.

MINIMALISM: Refers to the visual more clean, with neutral colours and shapes, without too many details.

MINISKIRT: Skirt length a bit above the half of the leg, between the knee and the beginning of the thighs.

MIX & MATCH: Mix of prints, colors and textures in harmony in the same look.

MOCCASIN: leather Shoes plain, low heeled, with a few details and stitching apparent.

MODELING: Execution of the mold or template in paper or fabric from which a piece of sewing will be played. After the clothing is ready, the term also serves to describe their shapes.

MOULAGE (read “mulage”): a Technique in which the clothing is modeled directly on the body and only after the cut final is done on the fabric.

MULE: Shoes high heels covered only on the front.

MUSLIN: cotton Fabric is very thin, light and transparent.

N

NAVY (read “neivi”): it Was Coco Chanel who immortalized the style Navy in the early 20’s. Since then, the style inspired in references nautical is a symbol of elegance. In English it means the Navy (one of the three armed forces), but in the fashion it gives its name to the style of clothing inspired by the uniforms of the uniforms.

NEOPRENE: a synthetic Material used in the clothes of the surf.

NORMCORE: THE term appeared in the streets of san Francisco, in the United States, to identify not just a casual form of dress, but, also, an attitude of authentic live life, without worrying about fashions or name brands. And it is the combination of the words ‘normal’ and ‘hardcore’.

O

OBI: a Strip of wide cloth used at the waist to complement kimonos.

OFF-WHITE: Color a little more “dirty” than white. It is like the cream, but a little more white.

EYE OF PARTRIDGE: the Drawing that reproduces a small effect geometric which resembles the eye of this bird.

SHOULDER pads: Small pillows made of cotton or foam that are stitched on the inside of the shoulders of sweaters, coats, jackets, or jackets.

ORGANZA: Fabric originally produced in silk, characterised by the fibres of continuous filament that result in a material light and transparent. Its origin is uncertain, but some sources claim that the word entered the Italian and French languages during the Middle Ages as “organsin” and “organzano”, respectively, in honor of the city of Urgang in Turkistan, home to a famous market of silk. Currently, it is also produced with cotton or synthetic fibers.

OVERSIZED: In English means the large size, out of proportions. In fashion the term is used to define a type of jeans as well large, as if it were one size above ideal.

OXFORD: THE name was born to identify a boot short used in England in the XVII. The pants of freshmen of the University of Oxford in 1920 it was given the same name. The name has also been used to fabric high class, suitable for hosiery, where the warp is of white wire and the weft wire red, resulting in a blend effect.

P

SEQUINS: Small dispensing round with brightness and various sizes.

PALA: it IS a piece of fabric that sustains the larger part of the piece. Example: in the shirts is between the shoulders, a skirt that lies between the hip and the waist.

PANAMA: fancy Name for fabric in fabric construction 1×1. It also defines a type of straw hat clear, very flexible,, which became known thanks to president Roosevelt in the 30’s. The name panama is also a twill fabric lightweight, used in the making of trousers, shirts and blazers for men.

PANTALONA: See “pants pantalona”.

PAREÔ: a Kind of cloth. It is a piece of printed fabric that can be tied up in the body in several ways.

PARKA: hooded Jacket, long, up to the thighs, closing and pockets in the front, and laces that pass through a sheath on the waist.

PACKING:Work done by passamanes, which are ribbons, fringes, or embroidery.

THRU: waist Part of trousers or bermuda in are fastened to the belts.

PATCHWORK: Crafts that joins pieces of fabric of different shapes, colors and prints.

PEEP TOE: The English “big toe”. The shoe with the opening in the front, leaving a few fingers.

PELERINE: Cover, round, short or up to the waist, with or without a hood. Means pilgrim in Portuguese, the term came out of the “pèlerin”, who were the young travellers to the French. It is used in wool and skin by women in Europe and is part of the uniform of police officers.

PEPLUM: it Consists of a ruffle (or pleat) located in the region of the hip or the end of the waist. The proposal is inspired by the New Look of Dior, created in the 1950s. It usually comes applied to skirts as well tights, style, pencil, or blouses, but dresses can also bring this detail. Can still be marketed as individual item, to be applied on any piece.

PERFECTO: See “jacket perfecto”.

PIED-DE-go up to the front: the French, the foot-of-chicken. Fabric yarn-red frame and taffeta, in that if it has four wires clear followed by four wires in the dark, forming a small plaid that resembles the trail left by the chicken foot.

PLATFORM: a thick Sole and one-piece that would have been created, in the years 30, by Carmen Miranda, who was in search of comfort and a few more inches to your tiny 1m52cm. She asked a shoemaker carioca to make the model. Some biographers, such as Ruy Castro, state that the authorship has not been confirmed because the small is remarkable not patented the invention. What is certain is that the platform has been in fashion in almost all the decades from then, mainly in the years 40 and 60. It is one of the hops preferred to the brazilian.

PLUSH: a fabric of cotton, soft to the touch, with the texture of felpas velvety.

POA: polka dot Print.

LEGGINGS: Pieces of knit or mesh covering half of the leg to below the heels.

POLYAMIDE: it Was the first synthetic fiber created by man. It has the features of high resistance to washing, is resistant to crease, low moisture absorption, nice touch. The great advantage of the poliamidaem respect to the polyester is the touch more soft and better perspiration.

POLYESTER: synthetic Fiber very commonly used in cooking due to its characteristics of not it to wrinkle, not deform, and dry quickly. It was released in 1941.

POLO: Shirt mesh piquê (which has two panels overlapping and connected) of cotton, short sleeves, and collar facing out.

PONCHO: Piece square or rectangular fleece fabric with an opening in the center for the head. Is used straight or diagonally, originating in South America. It became popular in the United States at the end of the decade of 40, and soon after spread to Europe. The fashion étncia the end of the 60 rescued the piece, which returns to each movement, the folk of the walkways.

FOLD: the Fold is made in the fabric to give the garment the desired shape.

PRÊT-À-PORTER: IS the French expression for the English ready-to-wear. Translates the concept of fashion ready to dress that emerged in the 50’s and was responsible for her broadcast of fashion. From then on, it became possible to create clothes on a large industrial scale with better quality, offer a great convenience, in addition to the variety not only of styles, but also of price and trends. The fashion shows of prêt-à-porter, presenting collections of the big names from the 70’s, move the so-called planet fashion, with fashion weeks in the main capitals of the world: New York, London, Milan and Paris.

PULL: the Dress that is a kind of jacket, long, loose in the body.

PULLOVER: Knitted, knit with V-neckline and without sleeves.

Q

CAP: Cap used by the military

KIMONO: the traditional Clothing of China and Japan, usually used in festivals or special occasions.

R

REACTIVE: Dyes that react to the launch with the fiber, the effect of temperature. The colors obtained are bright.

READY-TO-WEAR: Or prêt-à-porter, are the collections ‘ready to use’, with parts designed for the day-to-day, unlike the high-fashion.

RIVET: a metal Rod that is seated in a hole in clothes to fasten it.

LACE GUIPURE: Also called guipir, gripir or gripier, is a income of linen or silk with motifs of relief, that form arabesques. The lace guipure has visual more robust and is considered to be the most noble of budgets.

WOVEN: Wire formed by two or more cables, of the same colour, or different, twisted among themselves.

RESORT: the Collection released before the runway shows of spring/ summer.

RETRO: In French, the word means old-fashioned. In Portuguese, the expression is used to define a style of clothing characteristic of some bygone era that has returned to fashion.

Pinstriped: Name given to a type of pattern common in the wardrobe male. Usually the background is dark, cut by very thin stripes.

S

SKIRT: the Model slightly open at the bottom.

FLARED SKIRT: it IS cut in the fabric skewed and has the trim loose and wavy.

SKIRT-ENVELOPE: Type of exit with correct front or side.

SALTO ANABELA: it Begins high in the heel, and decreasing, until you run out hop in the front part of the foot.

Stiletto HEEL: Also known as stileto, needle or spike, is a jump altocom a structure long and slender with a spike of metal on the inside, similar to a pillar or column. The stileto was created in the 50’s. Some attribute the design to Salvatore Ferragamo, Albanese of Rome or the Dal Code, which presented models of jumping the needle around 1953 in Italy. However, most historians believe that it was the French designer Roger Vivier, in Paris, developed the first model.

SAPATÊNIS: Piece that joins the features of a shoe and a sneaker. Can be leather, denim or rubber, and may or may not have closure with laces.

SHOE DOLL: Shoes with rounded toe cap and strap on the instep, with or without jump.

SHOE BOYISH: THE same as the oxford, shoe in feminine tie that imitates the male model of the leather.

SÁRI: the Costume worn by indian women that is made by a long piece of cloth that is tied at the waist and has a length of up to feet.

TWILL: a Type of link-building of the fabric of the plan, in which the warp yarns produce the effect diagonal. The fabric is practical and versatile, it offers an excellent fit, a great look after washing, and ideal for any climate. It is more used by it to wrinkle less than the screen.

SARUEL: Model wearing shorts or pants with the horse down.

SCARPIN/ESCARPIM: Italian old German scharpf, “high-pitched, with cutting edge, pointed”. The scapin has the beak slender, rounded or square, and must have heels at least four inches. When the jump is greater than 10 centimeters is called stiletto.

SHAPE: IS the shape, the silhouette of the outfit. Can be a shape that is wider, more sequinho, adjusted to the body, modern or classic.

TUXEDOS: the Costume male used in the event black-tie, which is composed by black pants with ribbon satin on the sides, jacket with lapels black fabric satin, white shirt, sash on the waist and bow-tie black.

OVERLAY: Use a piece on top of another, with all apparent.

ESPECIALLY: heavy Coat with length to the height of the calf.

SPENCER: Coat short, at the waist, long sleeves, that can be breasted single, double, or triple. The piece originated in England and its name is a tribute to Lord Spencer, who wore the frock coat redingote and one day accidentally burned in a fireplace, leaving only the upper part. The costume burned has become fashionable. Entered in the women’s clothing in 1790.

SPOTLIGHTING: THE technique of spotlighting puts a spotlight on a single piece in a look that is, in general, the more simple and basic. For example, a look all worked in grey and a red purse.

RHINESTONES: Small brightness that reproduces the effect of a diamond. The name is patented by Swarovski.

STREETWEAR: The English street wear (use). Term used to determine the youthful style of the late TWENTIETH century, with concepts, irreverent, and innovative.

STRETCH: elastic Quality of the fabrics that have yarns of elastane in its composition.

STYLIST: English Word which gives the name to the professionals who define the image of a parade, a catalog or a fashion editorial. He suggests the pieces and help to coordinate them and set up the makeup and hair that will accompany them.

SWEATER: Mesh knit with V-neck.

SUSPENDER: Accessory that has two strips parallel on the front, which unite in the format of Y ago. It is stuck in the waistband of his pants, both in front and behind.

T

TAFFETA: shiny Fabric made from silk yarn.

TAILLEUR (read “taiêr”): Set female skirt and jacket or pants and jacket (the latter, also known as usual).

TARTAN: Fabric closed mesh originating in Scotland, where different patterns are used to identify the clans. The fabric has colored stripes that cross each other, creating drawings in chess of various widths.

FABRIC PLAN: One that does not stretch, such as twill and silk.

SCREEN: The wires of the weft and warp intersect alternately. It is a construction of connection of the fabric plane, characterized by the symmetry of the distribution of wires in a proportion of 1 wire by 1 wire (between the warp and weft). This construction on the flat screen provides a flat surface and regular.

SUIT: a Set necessarily formed by coat, vest and pants. An outfit closely linked to the idea of power.

TIE-DYE (it reads “tái-then”): Print homemade with dyeing irregular, obtained by means of knots made on the fabric, which is then dipped in a paint pot.

TWIST: IS the number of twists given to the yarn around its own axis. It is given to the wire for cohesion to the fibres and consequently the resistance.

TON SUR TON: French for tone on tone, or is, a union of different shades of the same color used one over the other, or the next.

TOP CROPPED: Top short, which ends shortly after the chest and let the abdomen to the shows.

PLOT: Series of wires in a horizontal direction, to join with the threads of the warp of the fabric background.

WOUNDED: the Effect of crossing a part of the fabric of a blouse or dress over the other.

TRAPEZOID: Launched by Yves Saint Laurent in 1958, the trapezium, quadrilateral with two parallel, was one piece with the tent wide and round that went about to his knees. The back of the dress were cut so as to fall freely from the shoulder, as a line more wide. Stylish, trapeze dress well most of the silhouettes.

TRENCH COAT: The English, means “trench coat”. It is a model of jacket of modeling wide, slot and pala wide at back, straps with buckles on the cuffs, buttoned flap, closed pockets and belt.

TRENDSETTER: Who or what throws trends.

TRICOLINE: Fabric frame taffeta, made with fine yarns 100% cotton. Is the basis of the hosiery, with good quality, smooth, striped+-s or checked patterns.

T-SHIRT: The t-shirts are called T-shirt because of its format, the name given by the americans. Piece of clothing for the trunk, in cotton, in the form of T, with short sleeves, which were used to be worn under the uniform during the First World War. It was later adopted by workers for workers. The west adopted the t-shirt as fashion in decade of 60, with logos, jokes, slogans, among others.

ROBE: Robe wide, long, straight, with or without sleeves.

TUXEDO: black tie traditionally composed of black pants with ribbon satin on the sides, jacket with lapels black fabric satin and a white shirt. May also be called the tuxedo.

TWEED (read “tuid”): English, fabric rustic wool, with various patterns and colors. The wire tweed is a type of boutonne with coloured beads. It is a fabric of rough texture, in various colorful patterns. The name originated in the River Tweed, the center, the cooperative of weavers in scotland. Used especially in the winter.

U

WARP: Series of yarn in the longitudinal direction which together with the threads of the weft forming the fabric background. Is the vertical structure of the tissue that gives support and strength to the screen.

UNDERWEAR: Underwear.

V

VELCRO: a registered Trademark which gives its name to the closure system of clothing in which the two parts that should be secured are secured.

VELVET: a Fabric of natural or synthetic that has one side smooth and the other covered by short and well closed.

VARNISH: glossy Material and waterproof used for making shoes, bags and belts.

BIAS: a Line or piece of fabric cut on the diagonal.

VICKY: IS a woven red, checked sizes different. The chess vichy was popular for summer dresses during the 19th century and came into fashion from the decades of 40 and 50.

VINTAGE: an Adjective that makes reference to the fashion of bygone eras.

VISCOELASTANO: a closely woven Fabric that absorbs the heat and moulds easily to the body.

VISCOSE: cellulose Fiber that are made of heavy fabrics, absorbing, and with a touch cold.

VOIL (read “voal”): light Fabric, and transparent made with cotton.

W

WRAP DRESS: Created by designer Diane Von Furstenberg in the 70’s, also known as ‘dressed envelope’ became a rage among women, for to be democratic, adapting to any tipi of the body. It is pierced in front and fastened by two side straps, which form a loop, and adjusts very well to the body.

X

CHESS: Pattern composed of squares alternating in different colors.

CHESS VICHY: Chess two-color squares that are not.

SHAWL: the Piece is square or rectangular that wraps around the back.

XANTUNGUE (or shantung): Tissue-thin silk that has a texture irregular.